Which Exercise Mode Improve Artery Health in Older Adults
A key takeaway from this study was that HIIT and moderate-intensity continuous training, but not whole-body resistance training, increased the ability of arteries to relax in response to an increase in blood flow. However, only HIIT enhanced resting blood flow in the brachial artery. Furthermore, exercise training-induced improvements in endothelial function differed between upper arm versus leg arteries. Altogether, engaging in HIIT resulted in the greatest improvements in artery health versus moderate-intensity aerobic training or resistance training. However, moderate-intensity training also improved cardiorespiratory fitness in older adults. These findings highlight the impact that exercise training has on lower-limb arteries, which are more susceptible to plaque development. We encourage the assessment of leg arterial health in future studies in populations with, or at-risk for, cardiovascular disease.
These findings add to the knowledge to inform the design of exercise medicine prescriptions and active aging programs.
Here is the link to the full paper…